Sensor Instruments
Entwicklungs- und Vertriebs GmbH
Schlinding 15
D-94169 Thurmansbang
Telefon +49 8544 9719-0
Telefax +49 8544 9719-13

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Livros brancos

01.09.2023 Sensor systems for recyclate control in the plastics industry for laboratory and inline use ()
31.08.2023 Checking the plastic type of recyclates and virgin material using NIR technolog ()
22.12.2020 SPECTRO-M-10-MIR - Controle em linha de camadas finas de óleo em metal



Sensor systems for recyclate control in the plastics industry for laboratory and inline use

While downcycling of plastic products still predominated in the past, the form of recycling in which the reused plastic is put to the same or a comparable use is now becoming increasingly important. This in turn means considerable additional technical effort in separating and sorting the items delivered to the recycling plant throughout the recycling process

After separation of as many non-plastics as possible, for example by means of metal separators and wind separation, sorting is currently primarily by color (color sorting systems) and type of plastic (NIR cameras). Despite pre-sorting, where mainly whole articles are checked, as well as post-sorting (after shredding the plastic articles and subsequent washing) of the plastic particles known as flakes, it is not possible to achieve 100% grade purity. Certain variations in color must also be expected..

In order to allow unrestricted use of the recyclates produced in this way, they must be checked for purity before the next processing step, at the very latest immediately before extrusion. Typically, this could be done by a metering system equipped with appropriate sensors. The degree of purity of both the color and the type of plastic is monitored. If the purity falls below a certain level, less recycled material is added and more virgin material is added, so that the deviations in the final article in terms of color and plastic type are within the required tolerances.

Furthermore, additional sensors can be used to detect a marker from the TAGTEC family contained in the recyclate (contained in the masterbatch from Gabriel Chemie). In the case of articles of the same color and plastic type, markers are used, for example, to distinguish between a clear PET ketchup bottle and a clear PET shampoo bottle. In addition to the actual sensor technology for testing the color, the type of plastic and the presence of any TAGTEC markers, the company Sensor Instruments also offers test systems for the laboratory, including the appropriate accessories for calibrating the devices, as well as inline devices, which will be explained in more detail below.
► Whitepaper (pdf)
► Product Overview (pdf)

              Color                  Plastic type              Marker    


Checking the plastic type of recyclates and virgin material using NIR technology

Open spectrographs, designed as hyperspectral cameras, are usually used in the recycling sector to perform the separation of different plastics. Working in combination with a broadband NIR light source (e.g. built up from high-intensity halogen spotlights), these cameras combine a moderate spatial resolution with a good spectral resolution of the objects. A further procedure directs a high-intensity NIR light source onto a surface to be scanned via a polygon mirror, whilst an optical unit is directed onto the polygon mirror. This means that part of the NIR light impinges on it after it has impinged on and been reflected from the object via the rear optical path, from where it is directed onto the aperture of an NIR grating spectrometer. Both procedures enable the spectral detection of a relatively large NIR wavelength range with simultaneous spatial resolution. This means for example, that different objects adjacent to each other on a conveyor belt and which pass through the detection area simultaneously are detected as separate objects, whilst being spectrally differentiated.

Plastic granulates on the other hand, do not require individual spectral differentiation. Instead, an integral process should record as many plastic pellets as possible at the same time, thereby obtaining reliable information about the quality or purity of the product. The complex technology that would be necessary to determine the spatial resolution is unnecessary and can be dispensed with. In principle however, an NIR spectrometer with optics and NIR illumination could be considered, but would represent a cost-intensive solution.

A more cost-effective alternative is a system that works in accordance with the three-range procedure. This measuring procedure directs three different NIR LED types (each LED type covers a specific wavelength range in the NIR) at the plastic granulate to be investigated, and a broadband NIR receiver detects the light reflected diffusely by the pellets. This is converted and passed on to an evaluation unit.
► Whitepaper (pdf)

   (NIR sensor fixed optics version)

   (NIR sensor fiber optics version)


SPECTRO-M-10-MIR - Controle em linha de camadas finas de óleo em metal

O método de medição MIR implementado nos sensores SPECTRO-M foi desenvolvido pela Sensor Instruments para detectar camadas orgânicas muito finas em superfícies metálicas. Por isso, os sensores SPECTRO-M são praticamente predestinados para a detecção e inspeção em linha de camadas finas de óleo em metal.

Na prática, é uma questão de controlar o processo de remoção de óleo de peças ou monitorar a homogeneidade de uma camada de óleo. Durante os testes que acompanharam o desenvolvimento, também descobrimos que o sistema pode ser usado para medir muito bem as propriedades de evaporação e os resíduos de óleo de corte em superfícies metálicas sob condições realistas de aplicação (camadas finas)..

Para o efeito, também realizamos testes com óleos de perfuração especiais da série CLF da Raziol, cujos resultados estão resumidos na seção 6 do documento.

O presente documento descreve o princípio de sensor do sensor em linha SPECTRO-M-10-MIR/(MIR1+MIR2) da Sensor Instruments. Outros sensores SPECTRO-M desse tipo com outras geometrias de medição estão em desenvolvimento. Além disso, enquanto desenvolvedores de sensores especiais, também somos capazes de adaptar a tecnologia para aplicações especiais e desejos dos clientes.
► Whitepaper (pdf)




Participação em exposições:

 •   InterBattery 2024
•   R-24
 •   Automation World AIMEX 2024
 •   IFAT Munich 2024
 •   FIP 2024
 •   PRS Europe 2024
 •   SKZ Innovation Day Recycling
 •   SKZ Network Day
 •   SKZ Technology Day
 •   PRS Middle East & Africa 2024
 •   Plastics Recycling World Expo
Europe 2024
 •   Plastics Recycling World Expo
North America 2024
 •   PRS Asia 2024
 •   PRS India 2024


Comunicados de imprensa:

Calibração de cores em linha em reciclados de plástico
(Sistemas de medição de cores em linha)

Test report on Inline color measurement of recyclates ()
(Sistema de medição de cores em linha)


Livros brancos:

Sensor systems for recyclate control in the plastics industry for laboratory and inline use ()
Checking the plastic type of recyclates and virgin material using NIR technology ()


Novos aplicações:

Detecção de mossas e amolgadelas em fitas de punção metálicas
(N° 801)

Distinção de componentes interiores de couro e plástico
(N° 802)
Medição de cor das tampas plásticas
(N° 803)


... tensão superficial?
... evaporação de óleo?
... a medição da espessura da
    camada de óleo?


Novo software:

SPECTRO3-MSM-DIG-Scope V1.5 (2021.10.20)



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